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WORM CARE - Some basic advice that applies to most worm composting systems

 

ABOUT  COMPOST  WORMS

Earth worms are natures most efficient way of breaking down organic waste and given the right conditions, they can do this much faster and more completely than by conventional composting without worms. “Compost” worms are worms that are particularly good at processing waste from your garden and kitchen because they have voracious appetites and breed quickly.

 

COMPOSTING WITH WORMS

Composting with worms can be done in a specially designed worm farm, in a compost bin or in a compost heap or pit provided conditions can be controlled. The main conditions for successfully composting with worms are moisture, air, temperature, darkness and feed mix (in that order of priority).  

 

FOR BEST RESULTS

 

. keep dark and retain moisture by covering with old carpet, felt or hessian

 

. keep evenly moist - you should be able to just squeeze a water drop out of a handful of  feed                                                                                                                

 

. feed should ideally be chopped up (1cm max)  Avoid “vitamising” to liquid.

 

. chose a shady position to keep temperature between 15 and 30 degrees C

 

. feed a mixture of 'greens' and 'browns' (2:1 by volume)

  - greens are fruit, vegetables and grass 

  - browns are leaves, bark, sawdust, cardboard and paper. It is most important to cut or tear these into small pieces just as for greens.

 

. if your system allows, gently turn the top 10cm with a fork every 1 or 2 weeks

 

HOW MANY WORMS DO YOU NEED

It is recommended for a small home wormfarm that you start with 0.25Kgm, which is about 1200 - 1500 worms of mixed size. The population should double in about 3 months if properly managed.  In a small wormfarm you may end up with about 6000 worms.

 

DO NOT OVER FEED

Worms can eat no more than their own body weight in a day. So if you have .25Kgm of worms for start they can only eat .25Kgm of feed per day. 

DO NOT feed too much citrus or onion waste if your system is small.

 

For further help contact Michael  on  Mob 0419 310 003

email: elthamworms@yahoo.com  or  visit webpage:  elthamworms.com.au